Super, ihr habt den Hinweis zur Öffnung des Ausgangs gefunden:

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Dies ist der Hinweis damit ihr das Lösungswort-Anagram, also die drei Blöcke, übersetzen und korrekt anordnen könnt! Googelt einfach den folgenden Begriff: "l337 sp34k", um zu verstehen was die  Textzeichen bedeuten. Wenn ihr die Blöcke aus den drei Kompetenz-Checks richtig angeordnet habt, habt ihr das Lösungswort für den Ausgang aus dem Escape-Room! Ihr braucht das Lösungswort nicht zu übersetzen sondern sollte es in der l337sp34k Variante eingeben.

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 | |___ \___ \| |            |___ \| || | | |   
 | | __) |__) | |_   ___ _ __  __) | || |_| | __
 | ||__ <|__ <| __| / __| '_ \|__ <|__   _| |/ /
 | |___) |__) | |_  \__ \ |_) |__) |  | | |   < 
 |_|____/____/ \__| |___/ .__/____/   |_| |_|\_\
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Explorations in English Language Learning

When it comes to the active voice vs. the passive voice, it is helpful to ask the question who is the agent in an action. Who does what? Is the focus on someone who is doing something? Or is the focus on someone who is experiencing an action, i.e. someone who is being acted upon?

A typical sentence in the active voice can look like this:

Zombies follow the lone survivor of the Apocalypse.

Who does what? => Zombies follow. ‘Zombies’ is the subject of the sentence. The focus lies on the subject doing an action. ‘The lone survivor’ is the object in the sentence.

A typical sentence in the passive voice can look like this:

The lone survivor of the Apocalypse is followed by zombies.

Who does what? => Zombies follow.  We do not get any information about what the lone survivor does; the focus lies on the action which happens to them.

The agent can even be left out if the focus is on what is happening to someone and not by whom the action is performed:

The lone survivor of the Apocalypse is followed.

This is also the case when it is unknown or not entirely clear who did something. Here are some examples of sentences in the passive voice without an object:

A ball was thrown through the window, breaking the glass.
The bank was robbed last night.
The children were imprisoned.


One easy way to identify the passive voice has been described by Rebecca Johnson of the Marine Corps War College:

Applying this to these examples leads to:

A stone was thrown through the window by zombies, breaking the glass.
The bank was robbed last night by zombies.
The children were imprisoned by zombies.

For comparison, here are some examples of sentences in the active voice with a failed addition of the phrase “by zombies”:

Some teenagers threw a stone through the window (by zombies).
A group of criminals robbed a bank (by zombies).
Representatives of the state imprisoned the children (by zombies).

When should the passive voice be used?

  • Whenever it is unknown or not important who performed an action, like in the sentences above, using the passive voice is recommended (by zombies)

(The road was blocked.)

  • When the focus should lie on the action and not necessarily the person performing it

(The essay will be graded.)

  • For cohesion: In order to show a connection to previous sentences, one can use the passive voice.

(The zombies had finally won. There was nowhere left to hide, humanity was beaten. Everyone was either chased away or had been turned. It was only a matter of time until even the last human would be killed.)


Here is a small table to help figure out how to build the passive in different tenses.

Simple PresentThey follow him/her.He/She is followed.
Present continuousThey are following him/her.He/She is being followed.
Present perfect They have followed him/her.He/She has been followed.
Simple pastThey followed him/her.He/She was followed.
Past continuousThey were following him/her.He/She was being followed.
Past perfectThey had followed him/her.He/She had been followed.
Will futureThey will follow him/her.He/She will be followed.

Check if you can identify all sentences in the active voice and the passive voice here.